To increase you ravings rate by 5% via salary increase, you need…
c = current savings rate
i = savings rate increase
e1 = current expenses
e2 = target expenses
t1 = current take home pay
t2 = target take home pay
- The percentage you spend is your current expenses divded by your take home pay.
e1 / t1
2. Your current savings rate is 100% minus the percentage you spend.
1 – e1 / t1 = c
3. Solve for e1
e1 = t1 * (1-c)
4. Your new savings rate is 5% high and is equal to 100% minus the percentage you spend.
1 – e2 / t2 = c + i
4. Since we aren’t spending any less money, e1 === e2
1 – e1 / t2 = c + i
5. Substitute e1
1 – [t1 * (1 – c)] / t2 = c + i
6. Solve for t2
[t1 * (1 – c)] / t2 = 1 – (c + i)
t2 = [t1 * (1 – c)] / 1 – (c + i)
7. Each take home pay corresponds to a gross income. We can write this
t2(g2) = ?
t1(g1) = ?
The ? will be a function that computes t2 using g2 and the federal and state tax tables. I am too lazy to write it out, so instead I used a take home pay calculator to compute gross income in $5k increments. I only solved it up to $180k in salary b/c that resulted in an increase to $400k at the highest 90% -> 95% savings change, and I think salaries above $250k are just stupid b/c they are taxed to death.
My final output is a graph of what new salary you need in order to effect a 5% increase in savings, based on you current salary and current savings rate.
What we see from this is that for people starting out at a low savings rate w/ a normal American income below $100k, a <$5k salary bump will get you 5% savings instantly. Whereas higher income people trying to get from 90% to 95% have a hell of a time, often having to get salary bumps of $100k or more.
Here is another view. Each color represents another $50k range of salary, but I give up at $400k, so anything above $400k just reads as $400k.
The chart of Savings Rate Punishment (TM). I replaced the savings percentiles with the years a person has to work in order to retire. For me, for example, my savings rate right now can be around 75% (based on spending $2k/month). That means I need to work at least 7 more years (according to the assumptions here http://www.mrmoneymustache.com/2012/01/13/the-shockingly-simple-math-behind-early-retirement/).
Starting from scratch, if I want to level up to six years, I need to find a job paying $190k. That’s possible, but very difficult, especially since I don’t have a PhD or years of management experience / MBA. If I want to level up to 4 years, I’ll need to earn $265k. Not very many software jobs pay $265k. If I want that salary as an engineer, I either need to get into finance or get a PhD (which, of course, would be very wasteful b/c it would take 5 years to complete). At a salary of $150k, people with savings rates 60% or below only need to increase salary by $20k of less in order to level up. This is very doable just by asking for a raise and being a solid senior engineer, especially at a large company.
For people earning $60k or less, no matter what your savings rate, you always have a clear path to level up. But once you get above ~$115k in salary, leveling up really starts to get more difficult after your savings rate is 80%.